Semaglutide is a medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. It belongs to a class of drugs called GLP-1 receptor agonists. Semaglutide works by mimicking the effects of a hormone called glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), which helps to regulate blood sugar levels.
The 5mg dose of semaglutide is usually given as a once-weekly injection under the skin (subcutaneously). It helps to lower blood sugar levels by stimulating the release of insulin from the pancreas and reducing the amount of glucose released by the liver. In addition, it slows down the rate at which food is absorbed into the bloodstream, which can help to reduce post-meal spikes in blood sugar levels.
Semaglutide has also been shown to promote weight loss, which may be beneficial for people with type 2 diabetes who are overweight or obese.